Buying your first pet bird

Buying Your First Pet Bird – Essential Advice – 2023


Thinking about buying your first pet bird? It’s a world filled with delightful melodies and vibrant personalities right in your living room. Birds, from chatty parrots to melodic canaries, bring life, color, and endless amusement. But remember, along with the joys, they require time, love, and care. These winged wonders aren’t just pets; they’re long-term companions with unique needs. As you dive into this guide, you’ll get a feel for the balance between the pleasures and responsibilities of bird ownership. Ready to take the flight?

1. Understanding Different Bird Personalities

So if you thought all birds are just… well, birds, think again! Just like dogs have their terriers and retrievers, birds come with their own set of personalities and quirks. Understanding these can make your journey as a bird owner so much smoother (and way more fun).

Feisty Flyers vs. Cuddle Buddies

Ever met someone who’s the life of the party? There are birds like that – energetic, curious, and always ready to play. Then there are the cozy, cuddle-loving types who’d rather perch on your shoulder and chill. Knowing the kind of companion you’re looking for can help you pick the right feathery friend.

The Thinkers and the Chatterboxes

Did you know that some birds are deep thinkers? Okay, maybe they’re not pondering the mysteries of the universe, but they love toys and puzzles that challenge their brains. On the flip side, you have the chatterboxes. These are the birds who want to join every conversation – or maybe just narrate your whole day for you.

Independence vs. Clinginess

While some birds are like those independent cats that just want to do their own thing, others can be the exact opposite. They’ll want your attention, your time, and basically, all of you. It’s kind of sweet but can be a handful if you’re not ready for it.

Social Butterflies vs. Lone Rangers

Ever notice birds in the wild flying in flocks? Many birds are super social and love company – whether it’s other birds or their human families. But some prefer solitude, being the lone star of their cage.

In the grand scheme of things, understanding bird personalities is like figuring out any relationship. It’s about meshing two worlds – yours and theirs. Once you get the hang of it, you’re in for a treat. Because, let’s be honest, every bird, regardless of its personality, brings a little magic into the home.

2. Popular Pet Bird Species and Their Characteristics

Alright, let’s get into the nitty-gritty! You’ve got a world of feathery options out there, and each bird species comes with its own special flair. Let’s get to know some of the most popular ones a bit better, shall we?

Budgies (Parakeets)

Budgies, also called parakeets, are like the friendly neighbors of the bird world. Small, colorful, and super social, they’re often the first choice for newbie bird owners. They’re great talkers if you put in the time to teach them, and their playful nature ensures there’s never a dull moment!


Have you ever seen those birds with the cute little crests on their heads? Yep, that’s the cockatiel! They’re known for their sweet nature and can be super affectionate. Don’t be surprised if they whistle a catchy tune or mimic household sounds. They’re kinda like the musical prodigies in the bird world.


Budgies (Parakeets)

With a name like lovebirds, you’d expect them to be affectionate, right? Spot on! They’re lively, vibrant, and yup, love to be in pairs. If you’re thinking of getting lovebirds, consider getting them a partner. After all, two is company!

African Greys

Ah, the African Grey parrots! These birds are like the intellectuals of the avian world. Known for their impressive intelligence and vocabulary, they’re great conversationalists. But remember, with great brainpower comes the need for lots of mental stimulation. Toys, puzzles, and interaction are key for these smart birds.


If you’re after a songbird, look no further than the canary. These little birds have powerful voices and are often content to sing the day away. They’re more the ‘look but don’t touch’ kind, preferring to serenade from a distance.


Last but not least, we have finches. Tiny but active, they’re like the marathon runners of the bird world, always on the move. They’re sociable with other finches, so they’re great in pairs or small groups.

So, that’s a quick intro to some of the popular birdie buddies out there. Each has its own charm and care needs. Your perfect match? Well, that depends on what you’re looking for in a winged companion. Ready for buying a pet bird?

3. Size Matters: From Small Finches to Large Parrots

When it comes to birds, size really does matter. Different bird sizes come with distinct care requirements, space needs, and potential challenges. Let’s break it down!

Tiny Titans: Finches and Canaries

Finches and Canaries might be on the smaller side, but don’t let that fool you. These tiny dynamos are active and need space to fly and flit about. The cage dimensions matter – you want something long rather than tall to give them ample flying room. And even though they’re small, they still need toys, perches, and regular cage cleaning.

Middleweights: Budgies, Lovebirds, and Cockatiels

The likes of Budgies, Lovebirds, and Cockatiels fall in the mid-size category. They require bigger cages than finches, with enough room for toys, climbing, and some short flights. A bonus? These birds often enjoy out-of-cage time, so having a bird-safe room for supervised exploration is a big win!

Big Birds: African Greys, Amazons, and Macaws

Now, when we get to the big leagues like African Greys, Amazons, and Macaws, things get serious. These larger parrots need spacious cages, strong perches, and sturdy toys. More than space, they demand time and attention. Their intelligence and size mean they can get bored and destructive if not mentally stimulated. And remember, big birds have strong beaks; regular beak and nail trims are a must!

4. Lifespan and Commitment

Owning a bird is not a fleeting endeavor. The decision to bring a bird into one’s home represents a substantial commitment—one that could span decades. This commitment surpasses mere daily care; it’s about understanding and accepting the gravity of the responsibility that comes with a living being’s long life.

Understanding Lifespans – Buying your first pet bird

Different bird species come with varying lifespans:

  • Finches and Canaries: These smaller birds can live up to 7-10 years with proper care.
  • Budgies and Lovebirds: With attentive care, these birds might live from 10 to 15 years.
  • Cockatiels: With a lifespan ranging from 15-20 years, they can be a companion throughout significant life changes.
  • African Greys and Amazons: These parrots can live for 40-60 years, sometimes even longer. Their longevity often means they might outlive their initial caregivers.
  • Macaws: Among the longest-lived, they can reach ages up to 80 years in some cases.

The implication of these lifespans is profound. It means that a child receiving a parrot as a pet might still have that companion in their adult years, potentially needing to account for the bird in long-term life plans.

The Depth of Commitment

The extensive lifespans of birds, especially larger parrots, require forethought into potential life changes:

  • Financial Commitment: Birds require ongoing care, including a balanced diet, toys for mental stimulation, regular vet check-ups, and potential unforeseen medical expenses.
  • Time and Attention: Birds are socially complex creatures. They need daily interaction, mental stimulation, and training.
  • Life Changes: Consider how events like relocating, changes in job, starting a family, or health challenges will affect your ability to care for your bird.
  • Estate Planning: Given their long lifespans, larger birds should be considered in estate planning to ensure they receive proper care should they outlive their primary caregiver.

The Weight of Responsibility

This commitment should not be taken lightly. Birds, like all pets, thrive on routine and stability. Rehoming or shifting them between caregivers can be traumatic, causing behavioral and health issues. Before acquiring a bird, one should introspect deeply on the readiness to commit for potentially decades.

The decision to own a bird is a profound one. It demands respect for the creature’s lifespan, needs, and unwavering dedication to its well-being throughout its life.

5. Dietary Needs and Nutrition

Just like us humans, our avian pals have some specific dietary needs. Proper nutrition isn’t just about keeping them full; it’s the foundation of their overall health. So, let’s take a closer look at what’s on the menu for our feathered companions.

Variety is the Spice of Life

Just like you wouldn’t want to eat the same thing every day, birds crave variety in their diet:

  • Pelleted Diets: These are often a great base for many pet birds. They’re nutritionally balanced, ensuring that your bird gets a mix of vitamins and minerals.
  • Seeds: While many birds love them, seeds should not make up the entire diet. They can be fatty and lack essential nutrients when fed exclusively.
  • Fresh Foods: Introducing fresh fruits and vegetables can provide essential nutrients and enrich your bird’s diet. Think of them as tasty side dishes!

Specific Dietary Needs

Different birds, different diets! Here’s a quick rundown:

  • Budgies and Cockatiels: While they adore millet and seeds, make sure these are balanced with pellets and fresh greens.
  • African Greys: Known for their intelligence, they need a diet rich in calcium. Broccoli and almonds can be a good addition.
  • Macaws: These big birds have big appetites! Nuts can be a part of their diet, along with a mix of fruits, veggies, and high-quality pellets.
  • Finches and Canaries: Mostly seed-eaters, but they’ll benefit from the occasional fresh green like kale or spinach.
  • Lovebirds: They’ll love a mix of seeds, pellets, and fresh fruits like apple slices.

Water, Water Everywhere!

Never forget about water! Clean, fresh water should be available at all times. It’s also a good idea to change and refresh the water daily to keep our feathered friends hydrated and healthy.

Foods to avoid

When planning your bird’s diet, there are some foods that should be strictly off the menu. Avocado, for instance, contains a toxin that can be fatal to birds. Chocolates and caffeinated drinks, like coffee and tea, are no-gos due to harmful compounds that can adversely affect a bird’s heart and nervous system. Other culprits include salt, certain fruit seeds, raw beans, and onions, which can lead to various health complications ranging from digestive issues to severe toxicity. When in doubt, always consult with an avian veterinarian or reliable resources before introducing any new food to your feathered friend’s diet.

For an in depth look at what foods to avoid please have a look at Foods Your Bird Should Avoid

6. Social Needs and Interactions to Consider when Buying a Pet Bird

Interaction with pet bird

One of the most incredible things about birds is their innate social nature. In the wild, many bird species are naturally gregarious, often seen in flocks, participating in group activities from foraging to migratory flights. When we bring them into our homes, it’s vital to remember that their need for interaction remains deeply ingrained.

Many pet birds, especially popular species like parrots, are incredibly intelligent. This intelligence translates into a need for mental stimulation. Toys, puzzles, and interactive play are more than just ‘fun’ for them; they’re crucial for their mental health. Without adequate mental stimulation, birds can become bored, which can lead to distressing behaviors like feather plucking or excessive squawking.

Human interaction, too, is at the heart of a pet bird’s well-being. They rely on their human family members for social interaction, much as they would rely on their flock in the wild. Regular conversations, training sessions, and even simple companionship can make a world of difference to their emotional health.

However, let’s also consider that every bird, just like humans, has its unique personality. Some might be extroverts, thriving on lots of interaction, while others might be more introverted, cherishing their quiet moments. It’s essential to understand and respect these individual needs.

For those with demanding schedules, it’s sometimes recommended to have more than one bird to ensure they have company. Yet, this doesn’t replace the unique bond and interaction they seek with humans. Moreover, multiple birds mean understanding and respecting the dynamics between them, ensuring they get along and providing separate care as needed.

Embracing a bird’s social needs is a beautiful journey of understanding, patience, and mutual respect. It’s this interaction that fosters a deep bond and ensures a fulfilling life for your avian companion.

7. Housing and Environment: Ensuring Optimal Living Conditions for Bird

When it comes to housing and environment for birds, several key considerations ensure the well-being and health of your avian companion:

  1. Cage Size: It’s essential to select a cage that is appropriate for your bird’s size. For instance, larger parrots will require a more spacious environment, not only to accommodate their physical size but also to give them enough room to stretch their wings, climb, and play.
  2. Durability: Birds, especially larger species and those with strong beaks, can be quite adept at manipulating or even damaging weak cages. It’s imperative to choose a cage made of sturdy, durable material that can withstand any attempts to break free or chew.
  3. Location: The cage should be placed in a location that’s free from direct sunlight, drafts, and away from harmful fumes, such as those produced in kitchens. Birds are sensitive to temperature changes, and exposure to extreme conditions can be detrimental to their health.
  4. Interior Setup: The inside of the cage should mimic a bird’s natural environment. This includes providing a variety of perches (different diameters and materials) to ensure foot health, offering toys for mental stimulation, and ensuring there are spaces within the cage where a bird can find solitude when needed.
  5. Safety: Make sure the cage bars are appropriately spaced to prevent the bird from sticking its head out or getting stuck. Also, the materials used in the cage, perches, and toys should be non-toxic.
  6. Maintenance: Regular cleaning of the cage is essential. Bird droppings, leftover food, and feathers should be removed daily. A more thorough cleaning, involving disinfecting the cage, should be done periodically to prevent bacterial and fungal growth.

By giving careful thought to the above factors, bird owners can ensure a healthy, safe, and stimulating environment for their feathered friends.

8. Navigating the World of Bird Breeding: Choosing Responsible Breeders

When deciding to bring a bird into your home, understanding the importance of ethical breeding practices is paramount. Not only does it affect the health and well-being of the birds, but it also impacts the broader avian community. Here’s what you need to know:

The Importance of Ethical Breeding Practices

Ethical breeding practices ensure that birds are bred in humane, healthy conditions. This approach prioritizes the health, genetic diversity, and overall well-being of the birds. By supporting ethical breeders, you help discourage breeding practices that can lead to genetic disorders, health issues, and subpar living conditions.

Identifying a Responsible Breeder

A responsible breeder:

  • Provides detailed health records for their birds.
  • Prioritizes the well-being of the birds over profit.
  • Maintains clean, spacious, and appropriate facilities.
  • Is knowledgeable about the specific species they breed and offers guidance on their care.
  • Willingly answers questions and allows potential buyers to visit and inspect their breeding facility.

Dangers of Unreputable Breeders and Pet Stores

Unreputable breeders may prioritize profit over the health and well-being of the birds. This can lead to:

  • Overcrowding in breeding facilities.
  • Neglect of proper veterinary care.
  • Breeding of closely related birds, leading to genetic issues.
  • Misinformation about the care and needs of the bird.

Additionally, while not all pet stores engage in poor practices, many source their birds from large-scale breeding operations that may not adhere to ethical standards. It’s essential to research and verify the origins of birds in pet stores.

Informed Decisions are Key

Choosing a bird should not be an impulse decision. It’s a commitment that requires thorough research and understanding. By opting for a responsible breeder, you ensure that you’re starting this journey on the right foot, contributing to a culture of care and respect for our feathered companions.

9. Health and Wellness: Preparing to Welcome a Feathered Friend

Know Before You Buy: Health Check!

One of the essential steps before getting a bird is ensuring its health. Always get your potential feathery friend checked by an avian vet before finalizing the purchase. They can help identify if there are any hidden health issues, ensuring you’re bringing a chirpy and healthy bird into your home.

Consider Their Past

It’s super beneficial to know a bit about where your bird’s been and what they’ve experienced. If you’re adopting a bird or getting one that’s had a previous owner, try to learn about any past illnesses, treatments, or peculiar behaviors they might have had. It’s like understanding the backstory of a main character in your favorite show – it gives you insight into who they are today.

Quarantine: The First Step

Starting a new chapter with a birdie in your home? If you have other birds, remember the importance of a quarantine period. It’s a good rule of thumb to last about 30 days. It’s a way of making sure your newest addition and your existing feathered family stay healthy, ensuring the new bird doesn’t introduce any illnesses.

Birdie First Aid Kit

Having a bird-specific first aid kit is a bit like having an umbrella in your bag – you hope you won’t need it, but you’ll be glad it’s there if you do. Stock it with essentials like tweezers, sterile saline solution, antiseptic wipes, and bird-safe wound care items.

Toys and Mental Health

Let’s not forget the brainy side of birds! They’re smart, curious, and they crave stimulation. A mix of toys, puzzles, and interaction is vital. It’s about physical health, yes, but also about ensuring they’re mentally engaged and happy.

Being informed and prepared isn’t just about ticking off a checklist; it’s about creating a welcoming environment for your new winged companion. By considering their past, ensuring their health, and setting up a mentally stimulating space, you’re laying down the foundation for a chirpy and joyful relationship.


Where can I get a pet bird?

Pet shops that specialize in birds
Non-profit organizations that rehome pet birds
Local shelters, rescue groups, and former owners

What are some things to consider before getting a pet bird?

Lifespan of the bird
Size of the cage it needs
Food requirements
Noise level of the bird
Time and attention the species needs

Can I let my bird fly around the house?

Many bird owners allow their birds some out-of-cage time to fly around, but it’s vital to ensure the environment is safe. This means removing any potential hazards and ensuring windows and doors are closed.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *